On 25th July 1978 something rather remarkable happened. A baby girl was born to two doting parents. Now some days short of her 40th birthday there is nothing to indicate that she is one of the most extraordinary human beings of all time. Louise wasn’t just another baby girl in the maternity wing at Oldham General Hospital – her parents, Lesley and John Brown had battled for nearly a decade to conceive a child and then – when investigations revealed that Lesley’s fallopian tubes were blocked – nearly gave up the struggle. But having fought against the odds for so long, their luck changed when they met Patrick Steptoe and Robert Edwards in 1976. Steptoe and Edwards were carrying out research into artificial insemination. In 1977 they fertilised Lesley Brown’s eggs in a petri dish and then implanted her with a two and a half day old embryo.
The rest is history. Louise was the first human to be conceived using in vitro fertilisation. IVF gradually became widely available and recent estimates suggest that approximately 6 million people have been conceived worldwide with IVF in the last 40 years.